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What Are Stablecoins? How Does It Work?

What are stablecoins? In the world of cryptocurrency, there are many different types of digital assets. Some are designed to be spent directly as a currency, while others are built to serve more specialized purposes. These different tokens also come with their own unique sets of challenges.

Of these problems, one of the most persistent is volatility. While some people like the opportunity to make quick profits from investing in volatile assets, it can make it difficult for other users to adopt the token for its intended purpose.

Stablecoins attempt to solve this issue by pegging their price to another stable asset such as gold or another fiat currency like the U.S. dollar. In this article we will explore what stablecoins are and how they work.

What is a Stablecoin?


A stablecoin is a type of digital currency designed to minimize price volatility. They are generally backed by a physical asset in order to maintain a consistent price. The most popular stablecoins are issued by central banks or other financial institutions.

However, there are several other types of stablecoins that are less centralized such as smart contracts controlled by autonomous software. There are a number of different types of stablecoins. Many of them operate by pegging themselves to a real-world asset like gold or the US dollar.

Although stablecoins are often seen as a solution to the problems that plague the crypto market, there are various other ways to manage price volatility.

How Does a Stablecoin Work?

Stablecoins work by pegging the price of the coin to a real-world asset such as gold or the US dollar. For example, one gold-backed stablecoin might promise to give you $100 worth of gold for every $100 worth of stablecoins you own.

The most common way of creating a stablecoin is to purchase the real-world asset and then tokenize it on a blockchain. This involves turning the real-world asset into a digital token, which can then be used to represent ownership of the asset.

The stablecoin is then created by issuing the same amount of tokens on the blockchain, but at a price that is a fraction of the real-world asset they represent. A stablecoin can therefore be thought of as a futures contract. If the price of the stablecoin rises above the price of the real-world asset, the owner of the stablecoin will make money. If the price falls below the price of the real-world asset, the stablecoin owner will lose money.

Why Do We Need Stablecoins?

The main reason to use a stablecoin is to minimize price volatility. Stablecoins can make it easier for people to transact online in a variety of ways. For example, online retailers can accept stablecoins as payment from customers.

This will allow them to receive payments without having to hold any real currency. Stablecoins can also help investors to diversify their portfolios, as they can reduce the volatility of their investments.

Stablecoins can also be a useful tool for investors looking to hedge against the risk of a market crash. This can be done by investing in stablecoins that are pegged to a more stable asset like the U.S. dollar.

Downsides of Stablecoins

Stablecoins are often criticized for the centralized nature of their design. Centralized systems are often seen as problematic, because they require trust in the people who control them.

Some stablecoins are also not tied to an asset that is likely to appreciate in value. For example, a gold-backed stablecoin will only be worth as much as gold. It will not take into account future demand or technological advancements that could increase gold’s value.


Stablecoins are one of the most promising solutions to the challenges faced by cryptocurrencies. However, there are still many challenges that need to be addressed before they can be widely adopted. The most important thing right now is to find a method of pegging the price of stablecoins that can be audited and trusted. If stablecoins can be successfully audited, they have the potential to become the backbone of the next generation of blockchain-based applications. There is no doubt that stablecoins are an exciting new frontier in the cryptocurrency world.

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